The State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) was passed by Congress in 1997. It provides almost $40 billion in federal block grant funding through the year 2007 for states to expand health insurance for children. States have the option of expanding their Medicaid programs, creating separate insurance programs, or developing combination plans using both Medicaid and the private insurance option. New York State's child health insurance plan, known by its marketing name Child Health Plus, was created by the New York Legislature in 1990. New York's program, along with similar ones from several other states, served as models for the federal legislation, especially for state health insurance plans offered through private insurers. New York's program provides useful data for successful implementation of SCHIP.
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